Health Disparities Collaborative

Health Disparities Collaborative Learning Community Resources

Curated by the AAIM Health Disparities Collaborative Learning Community, the Health Disparities Toolkit is a peer-reviewed collection of resources and teaching tools to help instructors create curriculum for the spectrum of medical learners, UME to GME. Through the introduction of concepts on social and structural determinants of health, implicit bias, and advocacy to sharing case-based and experiential curricula on teaching these concepts both in a classroom setting and at the bedside, these modules can be adapted to many learning levels and for people with varying expertise. Toolkits on creating quality improvement curricula focused on health equity and approaches to recruiting a diverse team help ensure these principles are not only taught, but also put into practice on a system-wide level.

Subgroup 1: Advocacy

Christopher Bruti, MD, MPH
Susan Lane, MD
Rachel Perlman, MD 

Overview:  This toolkit is intended to help medical educators plan, develop, and implement advocacy activities and curriculum for learners of all levels. It is intended to be used by faculty and learners with or without previous advocacy experience or training. The material in the toolkit will help faculty promote the importance of advocacy, learn more about the role physicians can play in advocacy efforts, and expand the utilization of advocacy in medical education.

Subgroup 2: Implicit Bias

Amber-Nicole Bird, MD
Aba Black, MD, MHS
Jaya Raj, MD
Jennifer R. Siegel, MD
Raman Singhal, MD 

Overview: This compendium is intended to help programs and clinical educators develop educational frameworks for discussing implicit bias within medical education and the healthcare system, as well as its impact in health disparities. Educators will be able to define common terms used in discussing implicit bias and mitigation strategies, identify skills for mitigating implicit bias in preclinical and clinical settings, and identify approaches for addressing witnessed discrimination and microaggressions.

Subgroup 3: Patient Experience

Reeni Abraham, MD
Cinnamon Bradley, MD
Iman Hassan, MD, MS
Candice Mateja, DO

Overview: Despite many advances in public health policy and medical technologies, health inequities continue to exist, across many chronic medical illnesses. Educating healthcare providers in the far-reaching factors that contribute to the health of our patients will position providers to better understand the lived realities of the patients and populations they serve, how to leverage the healthcare team to provide holistic care and how to advocate on a global and local level to improve public policy. The resources created in this collaborative subgroup provide adaptable tools for medical educators to delve into these topics with their learners in various contexts, including classroom conferences and clinical rotations, and levels, from UME to CME.

Subgroup 4: Quality Improvement

Karla Curet, DO, MPH
Tamara Goldberg, MD, FACP
Thomas Schulz, MD
Sylk Sotto, EdD, MBA, MPS 

Overview: The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a guide for educators interested in developing a quality improvement (QI) curriculum with a health equity focus. The toolkit will provide a general outline for curriculum development accompanied by resources and suggestions applicable to all types of programs.

Subgroup 5: Recruitment

Ricardo Correa, MD
Maria Garcia, MD
Solomon Liao, MD
Christopher Moreland, MD 

Overview: This toolkit presents options for residency program directors to reinforce GME recruitment more consistently with regards to diversity. We direct our focus towards providing options and steps during the GME recruitment process, which can be modified and made available to UME Deans and Student Affairs representatives for transparency. Indeed, the toolkit can benefit from innovations developed during the COVID19 pandemic, such as widely implemented and piloted telecommunication. This toolkit aims to increase diversity in the GME community and addresses 2 phases of the recruitment process.